Activities and Output in the Phase 1

The Phase 1: Working through Save the Children Japan (From November 2013 to March 2016)

In the Phase 1, in order to achieve the desired outcome, we have formulated the detailed activities and outputs to be achieved in two years and implemented them accordingly with regard to the 4 pillar activities: 1) to establish an access to education for out-of-school children through the Mobile Learning Center (MLC), 2) to increase awareness towards abolishing child labor amongst employers, governments, parents and communities, 3) to transfer children in child labor to formal education, and 4) to advocate to the government to provide alternative education to transfer children in child labor into formal education.

The target of the project during the Phase 1 was to establish access to education for 600 children each year, or a total of 1,200 children in the two-year project period. In fact, we were able to provide education to 1,955 children. Concerning support for the transfer to formal education, our target was to transfer 300 children. However, as a result of support for admissions procedures, which we provided by collaborating with the government and schools, 382 children were able to enroll in formal schools.

Activities 1: To establish an access to education for out-of-school children through the MLC

The targeted outcome

1,200 children (600 children per year) hard-to-reach and out-of-school children have access to education through MLC.

The actual outcome

1,995 children hard-to-reach and out-of-school children had access to education through MLC.

Activities Output to be achieved in Phase 1 (Indicators) Output achieved in Phase 1

1.1: Conduct a baseline survey of hard to reach working children across the targeted area covering stations, bus stops, and market places.

Conducted a baseline survey, and grasped the situation of the targeted area.

1.2: Identify 100 volunteers of students from colleges and higher educations, social work colleges to help teach in the MLC.

  • 100 trained volunteers (50 volunteers per year) provide support to the project by voluntary services.

Trained 109 volunteers (109%).

1.3: Orientation for the volunteers, on the reasons and methodology for teaching and interacting with children.

1.4: Procure, equip and brand one mobile unit and staff appropriately.

  • A Mobile unit functional.

A unit of MLC has been functional.

1.5: Introduce early reading & writing to 1,200 children ( 600 children per year) through the mobile unit and link children below 14 years old to centers for transitional education.

  • 1,200 children (600 children per year) linked to mobile unit for transitional education.

1,995 children (163%) have been registered to MLC.

  • Values in ( ) denote the percentage of each target value.

Procure, equip and brand one mobile unit and staff appropriately as MLC

Referring to existing MLCs in other states, we adopted designs tailored to local conditions and allocated books and multimedia resources. The exterior and interior of the MLC was completed by the end of March, 2014, with regular monitoring by staff. The exterior of the MLC was painted in ITOCHU’s corporate blue, chairs, blackboards and bookshelves were installed, and an interior learning environment closely resembling a school was constructed to engage the children.

In addition to the "Ride to School" slogan on the right side of the bus, the ITOCHU logo is also displayed. Beside the Save the Children logo, the message "Education is my right. Education will fulfill my dreams." is inscribed in Hindi.

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The exterior of the MLC
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The colorful interior of the MLC

Opening Ceremony held

An opening ceremony was held on June 12th, 2014, the day designated by the International Labour Organization (ILO) as the World Day against Child Labor. Inviting the Japanese Consulate in Mumbai as a guest, members of ITOCHU India Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai Branch were celebrating the opening of MLC with children.

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The Opening Ceremony
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Many local people attended the Opening Ceremony
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Children delighted riding in the MLC

Introduce early reading & writing to children through the MLC

  • Before the MLC was completed, a temporary classroom was set up in the office of Save the Children India where lessons for children were begun.
  • After the MLC was completed, lessons quickly began in the MLC. 686 students had been registered at the MLC in the first year. In the second year, 1,269 children participated in activities at the MLC.
  • As children aged from 3 to 14 attend the MLC, some aspects of lessons can be difficult, but the MLC helped children acquire as much knowledge and skills as possible so that they could enroll or resume attendance at formal educational institutions.
  • Class plans for subjects including the children's native language, science, math, art and crafts had been developed and delivered as lessons. Meanwhile, age-appropriate books, writing materials, and other items needed for lessons were provided to the children.
  • "As long as there is a friendly environment for the children, they can be creative and develop an interest in learning," says an instructor.
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Lecture at the office of Save the Children India before the completion of MLC
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Story telling session by the children in the MLC
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A lesson taught in Urdu in the MLC
  • Volunteers from universities and other sources in Mumbai were recruited. 40 volunteers in the 1st year and 69 volunteers in the 2nd year were selected, resulting in 109 in total, providing them with orientation and capacity-building training to enable them to acquire skills for supporting children. These volunteers conducted classes at the MLC and explained the importance of education to families of children in the project targeted location through home visits.
  • At the MLC, volunteers and project staff members from Save the Children gave classes on arithmetic, science, and languages (Marathi, Urdu, and English). In addition, they explained children's rights and read stories to young children proactively. Further, we introduced a number of other activities, including the Art Class in which children drew pictures together.
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Volunteers helping children learn math
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Children engrossed in practicing his numeracy skills
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Change Maker using play learning methods to help fellow learner
Schedule of Activities at the Mobile Learning Center (MLC):
Day of the week Areas of activities
Monday

Padma Nagar (e), Shanti Nagar (f), Kamla Raman Nagar (g), Umarkhadi round (h), Chikal Wadi (k)

Tuesday

Baba Nagar (i)

Wednesday

Adarsh Nagar (c), Bharat Nagar (d)

Thursday

Rafi Nagar (j)

Friday

Sanjay Nagar Ⅱ (a), Nirankari Nagar (b), Shanti Nagar (f)

  • From (a) to (k) in the table above are corresponding to the ones in the map of the project target community in M-East ward.

Activities 2: To increase awareness towards abolishing child labor amongst employers, governments, parents and communities

The targeted outcome

Key stakeholders including children group, parents, pre-school centers, schools, colleges, employers and municipal governments have awareness of child protection and education for children in order to prevent children in slum from exploitative labor.

The actual outcome

The total of 2,219 parents, employers, and educators had learned about child protection and importance of education.

Activities Output to be achieved in Phase 1 (Indicators) Output achieved in Phase 1

2.1: Train 5-10 children's group members per year as ‘Change Makers' to protect themselves and their peers from being harassed by police or drawn into substance abuse, through life-skills and training.

  • 100 children (50 children per year) participated in Children' Group activities.

1,122 children (1,122%) participated.

2.2: Counsel the families of approximately 600 children (300 children per year) for enrolment in pre-school centers/ school.

  • Families of 600 children (300 children per year) counseled.

2,035 family members (339%) have been counseled.

2.3: Raise awareness amongst community members of the issues of working children, through holding events and consultations, and engaging community members (including children's employers) in a campaign on the right to education for street and working children.

  • 20 (10 per year) awareness raising events are being held.

Held 44 awareness raising events (220%).

2.4: Engage with local high schools and colleges to recruit volunteers who help children to study and to become role model for children.

  • 20 (10 per year) student volunteers participated.

26 student volunteers (130%) participated.

2.5: Support identified children and their families to access institutions for rehabilitation and protection (depending on cases).

  • 10 cases of children and their families are accessing rehabilitation and protection support.

11 cases (110%) have been confirmed and followed.

2.6: Identify work places (shops, slum communities, households, bus terminals, etc.) of working children and support employers to make these work places safe.

  • 100 of employers, including parents (50 per year) participated in workshops to make work place safer and to make them understand the importance of education for children.

104 employers (104%) participated in workshops.

2.7: Support 20 pre-school centers and parents in enrolment of 600 children (300 children per year) to pre-school centers/ schools.

  • 600 children (300 children per year) enrolled in to pre-school centers.

1,302 children (217%) were enrolled into pre-school centers.

2.8: Sensitize 20 workers of pre-school centers and education workers.

  • 20 workers of pre-school centers (10 workers per year) participated in the workshop.

80 workers (400%) participated.

  • Values in ( ) denote the percentage of each target value.
  • Children's Group was established by selecting five to ten children from among those who attend the MLC. The children received life skills training, in an effort to tackle the problems faced by local children. 300 children in the first year and 822 children in the second year participated in Children's Group Activities in order to learn life skills.
  • 600 families in the first year and 1435 families in the second year have been counselled.
  • For the first year, 15 awareness raising events about children's rights and rights to education have been held. 29 campaigns calling for elimination of child labor were held in the second year.
  • 770 children in the first year and 532 children in the second year were enrolled into public pre-school centers.
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Home visits and counseling by the educator in the community
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A Counselor interacting with the parents
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Volunteers engaged in household visits and counseling to parents
  • 19 local high school students to become role model for children to have them develop study habits.
  • Children and families who particularly need support were identified to help them access institutions for rehabilitation and protection and the similar offered by the government. 8 such cases were identified and provided follow-up.
  • Sessions to encourage employers to improve work places for children with high risk or high levels of danger were held. A total of 104 employers participated in these sessions, where participants gave comments such as "I was made aware that labor significantly affects the physical and mental development of children."
  • Training to raise awareness was provided to 60 officials involved in pre-school education.
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A staff member talking with core members of the Children's Group to encourage more children enroll in schools
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Staff members and volunteers visited homes to check the statuses of children and provided counseling to parents as needed
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A meeting of children's families and employers, in which they discussed eliminating child labor from the community and educating working children

Activities 3: To transfer children in child labor to formal education

The targeted outcome

Drop-out and out-of-school children in the project area are withdrawn from their current engagement in unsafe and exploitative work and 25% of which are enrolled in formal education.

The actual outcome

382 children had been enrolled in formal education.

Activities Output to be achieved in Phase 1 (Indicators) Output achieved in Phase 1

3.1: Engage 20 settlements (10 per year) with puppet shows and street plays raising awareness on the right to education of street and working children.

  • 20 (10 per year) campaign are being held for awareness raising on the right to education.

Held 44 campaigns (440%).

3.2: Organize interest based activities, such as painting/drawing events to motivate the children and ensure their interest in the entire process.

  • 100 children (50 children per year) participated.

811 children (811%) participated.

3.3: Mainstream 300 out of school children into formal schools.

  • 300 (100 in the first year and 200 in the second year) children mainstream in to formal school.

382 children (127%) mainstreamed in to formal school.

3.4: Impart life skills education to 300 children.

  • 300 (100 in the first year and 200 in the second year) children received life skill education.

1,008 children (336%) received life skill education.

  • Values in ( ) denote the percentage of each target value.
  • 227 children in the first year and 584 children in the second year took part in events designed to convey the joy of learning by drawing pictures.
  • 84 children in the first year and 298 children in the second year were enrolled in local public schools as a result of support for enrollment procedures, as a result of collaboration with the government and schools.
  • The first year: 330 children have learned the life skills such as communication and leadership.
    The second year: 678 children participated in events to acquire thinking skills (creative thinking, critical thinking, decision-making, and problem solution) and life skills for handling stress and emotions.
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Children busy in art work and drawing
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Children engaged in a drawing activity
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Police officers interacting with the children on the issue of child protection
  • The first year: For raising awareness, 15 street plays, on such themes as "rights to education", "Let's Go Back to School", and "role and responsibilities of School Steering Committee" have been conducted in 10 settlement.
    The second year: With staff members playing the leading role, a total of 29 street plays were put on in ten slum areas and places where street children were living to raise awareness of children's rights, rights to education, and the importance of education.
  • Among the comments received by the community residents who saw the street plays: "I think raising awareness by means of street plays is important for giving correct knowledge to illiterate families"; "The play let me know what to do to enroll my child into a school"; "The street play let me know the importance of education of children"; and "I support this activity. I will persuade people around me to enroll their children into schools."
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Street play
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Children participate in a puppet show with puppets of their own creation
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Activities 4: To advocate to the government to provide alternative education to transfer children in child labor into formal education

The targeted outcome

The state and municipal governments have awareness to improve the education opportunity for the hard-to-reach and out- of-school children through advocacy.

The actual outcome

Project outcomes and lessons learned were shared with local NGOs, and have been advocated to the municipal government.

Activities Output to be achieved in Phase 1 (Indicators) Output achieved in Phase 1

4.1: Conduct 2 community led campaigns/workshops on violence against working children and education of working children at the municipal ward level.

  • 2 campaigns (1 per year) organized on violence against working children and education of working children.

Conducted 2 workshops (100%).

4.2: Conduct 2 workshop (1 per year) with government officials, school teachers, parents and media to raise awareness of the model followed by the project and increase understanding of its replicability.

  • 2 workshops (1 per year) conducted.

Conducted 2 workshops (100%).

4.3: Develop and implement a tracking system to track the progress of the beneficiaries.

  • Tracking system functional.

Tracking system has been functional.

4.4: Develop report on project outcome, best practice and lesson learned and use the information for advocacy to the government.

  • 10 case studies, including outcome and lesson learned documented in 2 years.
  • 1 meeting with NGOs and government to share about our work in 2 years.
  • Developed a report summarizing 14 case studies, project outcomes, and lesson learned, and advocated to the local government.
  • Held a session for sharing and presenting outcomes by involving local NGOs and the local government.

4.5: Share project outcome, best practice (Case studies) and lesson learned with international and domestic NGOs, to jointly advocate to the government at state level.

  • Values in ( ) denote the percentage of each target value.

Holding a multi-stakeholder meeting

  • In September 2015, a multi-stakeholder meeting was held, co-hosted by the mayor of M-East ward and Save the Children. The meeting attracted about 70 participants, including educational administrators, principals, teachers, children's families, and children. They shared information about child labor and dropping out from schools and discussed measures to address these issues.
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Address by the Assistant Commissioner of M-East ward
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Multi-stakeholder meeting

Publication of a report of project outcomes

  • In October 2015, a press conference was held at the Mumbai Press Club and a booklet "Moving on with Education" compiling the outcomes of the MLC Project was made available to the press. The press conference attracted about 60 participants, including representatives of local and Japanese media, Mr. Yoshiaki Ito, the Consul-General of Japan in Mumbai, teachers, children's families, and children.
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With Booklet at the press conference
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Children sharing their experience at the MLC
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Children with the members of ITOCHU India
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The booklet "Moving on with Education"[PDF]summarizing project outcomes including 14 case studies

  • Please note that all the numerical targets and outcomes described in this booklet are based on the data as of August 2015.
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Mr. Kiran Dighavkar
Assistant Commissioner,
M-East ward

Comment from the municipal government

Innovation is something we need to bring in to make sure each and every child goes to school. Looking at the profile of M-East Ward, we need to provide skill based education that will help them engage into income generation activities. Infrastructural development is another area that needs to be done to attract parents to send their children in school. The MLC program is doing well in terms of bringing difficult children back in school.

Volunteer from ITOCHU India

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Volunteers from ITOCHU India
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With the children in the MLC

November 14 is the birthday of Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and is celebrated as Children's Day in India. Schools and many NGOs related to education conduct various activities for different age groups. Similarly, Save the Children India, our partner for the Mobile Learning Center Project, had arranged a drawing activity event in the M-East Ward in Mumbai. Eight National Staff members from the Mumbai Branch participated in facilitating the event on the day. Of all the children involved in the project, about 40 children attended the drawing activity and the results were framed. There were topics for drawings such as Dream School, and the ITOCHU staff supported and taught the students along with the Save the Children India staff. We enjoyed interacting with the enthusiastic and excited children, and were glad we had this opportunity especially on Children's Day. Education plays an important role in the life of every individual. The fact that we, ITOCHU, as an organization are working towards better education for these children is a wonderful thing.

  • All photos are provided by Save the Children.